axiomatic geometry


axiomatic geometry
аксиоматическая геометрия

English-Russian dictionary of technical terms. 2014.

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  • Geometry — (Greek γεωμετρία ; geo = earth, metria = measure) is a part of mathematics concerned with questions of size, shape, and relative position of figures and with properties of space. Geometry is one of the oldest sciences. Initially a body of… …   Wikipedia

  • Axiomatic system — In mathematics, an axiomatic system is any set of axioms from which some or all axioms can be used in conjunction to logically derive theorems. A mathematical theory consists of an axiomatic system and all its derived theorems. An axiomatic… …   Wikipedia

  • geometry — /jee om i tree/, n. 1. the branch of mathematics that deals with the deduction of the properties, measurement, and relationships of points, lines, angles, and figures in space from their defining conditions by means of certain assumed properties… …   Universalium

  • axiomatic method — In logic, the procedure by which an entire science or system of theorems is deduced in accordance with specified rules by logical deduction from certain basic propositions (axioms), which in turn are constructed from a few terms taken as… …   Universalium

  • geometry — Although various laws concerning lines and angles were known to the Egyptians and the Pythagoreans, the systematic treatment of geometry by the axiomatic method began with the Elements of Euclid . From a small number of explicit axioms,… …   Philosophy dictionary

  • Synthetic geometry — Synthetic or axiomatic geometry is the branch of geometry which makes use of axioms, theorems and logical arguments to draw conclusions, as opposed to analytic and algebraic geometries which use analysis and algebra to perform geometric… …   Wikipedia

  • History of geometry — Geometry (Greek γεωμετρία ; geo = earth, metria = measure) arose as the field of knowledge dealing with spatial relationships. Geometry was one of the two fields of pre modern mathematics, the other being the study of numbers. Classic geometry… …   Wikipedia

  • non-Euclidean geometry — geometry based upon one or more postulates that differ from those of Euclid, esp. from the postulate that only one line may be drawn through a given point parallel to a given line. [1870 75; NON + EUCLIDEAN] * * * Any theory of the nature of… …   Universalium

  • Euclidean geometry — geometry based upon the postulates of Euclid, esp. the postulate that only one line may be drawn through a given point parallel to a given line. [1860 65] * * * Study of points, lines, angles, surfaces, and solids based on Euclid s axioms. Its… …   Universalium

  • Euclidean geometry — A Greek mathematician performing a geometric construction with a compass, from The School of Athens by Raphael. Euclidean geometry is a mathematical system attributed to the Alexandrian Greek mathematician Euclid, which he described in his… …   Wikipedia

  • Projective geometry — is a non metrical form of geometry, notable for its principle of duality. Projective geometry grew out of the principles of perspective art established during the Renaissance period, and was first systematically developed by Desargues in the 17th …   Wikipedia

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